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The Anthropology of Biology, Spring 2009
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If the twentieth century was the century of physics, the twenty-first promises ...

If the twentieth century was the century of physics, the twenty-first promises to be the century of biology. This subject examines the cultural, political, and economic dimensions of biology in the age of genomics, biotechnological enterprise, biodiversity conservation, pharmaceutical bioprospecting, and synthetic biology. Although we examine such social concerns as bioterrorism, genetic modification, and cloning, this is not a class in bioethics, but rather an anthropological inquiry into how the substances and explanations of biology - increasingly cellular, molecular, genetic, and informatic - are changing, and with them broader ideas about the relationship between "nature" and "culture." Looking at such cultural artifacts as cell lines, biodiversity databases, and artificial life models, and using primary sources in biology, social studies of the life sciences, and literary and cinematic materials, we rephrase Erwin Schrödinger's famous 1944 question, "What Is Life?" to ask, in the early 2000s, "What Is Life Becoming?"

Subject:
Biology
Genetics
Anthropology
Material Type:
Full Course
Textbook
Provider:
M.I.T.
Provider Set:
M.I.T. OpenCourseWare
Author:
Helmreich, Stefan
Date created
13-ربيع الأول-1432
Bacteria Transformation
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Students construct paper recombinant plasmids to simulate the methods genetic engineers use ...

Students construct paper recombinant plasmids to simulate the methods genetic engineers use to create modified bacteria. They learn what role enzymes, DNA and genes play in the modification of organisms. For the particular model they work on, they isolate a mammal insulin gene and combine it with a bacteria's gene sequence (plasmid DNA) for production of the protein insulin.

Subject:
Engineering
Genetics
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering NGSS Aligned Resources
Author:
Matthew Zelisko, Kimberly Anderson
National Science Foundation GK-12 and Research Experience for Teachers (RET) Programs,
Date created
14-محرم-1436
The Benefits of Biodiversity
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Students toss coins to determine what traits a set of mouse parents ...

Students toss coins to determine what traits a set of mouse parents possess, such as fur color, body size, heat tolerance, and running speed. Then they use coin tossing to determine the traits a mouse pup born to these parents possesses. Then they compare these physical features to features that would be most adaptive in several different environmental conditions. Finally, students consider what would happen to the mouse offspring if those environmental conditions were to change: which mice would be most likely to survive and produce the next generation?

Subject:
Engineering
Genetics
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Provider:
TeachEngineering
Provider Set:
TeachEngineering NGSS Aligned Resources
Author:
Engineering K-PhD Program,
Mary R. Hebrank (project and lesson/activity consultant)
Date created
4-محرم-1437
Bioethics, Spring 2009
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" This course does not seek to provide answers to ethical questions. ...

" This course does not seek to provide answers to ethical questions. Instead, the course hopes to teach students two things. First, how do you recognize ethical or moral problems in science and medicine? When something does not feel right (whether cloning, or failing to clone) ‰ŰÓ what exactly is the nature of the discomfort? What kind of tensions and conflicts exist within biomedicine? Second, how can you think productively about ethical and moral problems? What processes create them? Why do people disagree about them? How can an understanding of philosophy or history help resolve them? By the end of the course students will hopefully have sophisticated and nuanced ideas about problems in bioethics, even if they do not have comfortable answers."

Subject:
Arts and Humanities
Genetics
Material Type:
Full Course
Textbook
Provider:
M.I.T.
Provider Set:
M.I.T. OpenCourseWare
Author:
Hare, Caspar
Jones, David
Date created
13-ربيع الأول-1432
Biology: DNA
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This 28-minute video lesson provides an introduction to DNA. [Biology playlist: Lesson ...

This 28-minute video lesson provides an introduction to DNA. [Biology playlist: Lesson 6 of 71].

Subject:
Biology
Genetics
Material Type:
Lecture
Provider:
Khan Academy
Provider Set:
Khan Academy
Author:
Khan, Salman
Date created
27-جمادي الآخرة-1433
Biology: Introduction to Heredity
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This 17-minute video lesson provides an introduction to heredity and classical genetics. ...

This 17-minute video lesson provides an introduction to heredity and classical genetics. It looks at dominant and recessive traits as well as heterozygous and homozygous genotypes. [Biology playlist: Lesson 14 of 71].

Subject:
Biology
Genetics
Material Type:
Lecture
Provider:
Khan Academy
Provider Set:
Khan Academy
Author:
Khan, Salman
Date created
27-جمادي الآخرة-1433
Biology: Punnett Square Fun
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This 25-minute video lesson looks at the Punnett square diagram in the ...

This 25-minute video lesson looks at the Punnett square diagram in the study of genetics. It covers dihybrid crosses, independent assortment, incomplete dominance, codominance and multiple alleles. [Biology playlist: Lesson 15 of 71].

Subject:
Biology
Genetics
Material Type:
Lecture
Provider:
Khan Academy
Provider Set:
Khan Academy
Author:
Khan, Salman
Date created
27-جمادي الآخرة-1433
Biotechnology
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This course will introduce the student to the major concepts of biotechnology. ...

This course will introduce the student to the major concepts of biotechnology. The student will discuss genetic engineering of plants and animals and the current major medical, environmental, and agricultural applications of each. There are also a variety of topics that this course will cover after ranging from nanobiotechnology to environmental biotechnology. Upon successful completion of this course, the student will be able to: identify and describe the fields of biotechnology; compare and contrast forward and reverse genetics and the way they influence biodiversity; compare and contrast systemic studies of the genome, transcriptome, and proteome; explain how genome projects are performed, and discuss the completion and the information processing in these projects; describe and explain the principles of existing gene therapies; design strategies that support genetic counseling; explain and analyze DNA fingerprints, and compare DNA fingerprints to non-DNA biometrics; describe and compare bioremediation technologies in air, water, and soil; design strategies for generating genetically modified organisms, and discuss ethical concerns; discuss emerging fields in biotechnology. (Biology 403)

Subject:
Engineering
Environmental Science
Biology
Genetics
Material Type:
Full Course
Provider:
The Saylor Foundation
Date created
20-ذو الحجة-1432
Biotechnology: Can It Help in Making the Desert Green?
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This learning video introduces high school students to a topic they would ...

This learning video introduces high school students to a topic they would not ordinarily study in school, biotechnology, and to different applications of biotechnology that relate to the main theme of the module - making the desert greener. After reviewing traditional methods used for manipulating plants to produce desired traits, students will learn about the methods of making transgenic plants. Dr. Ziad discusses a real world problem that is critical in his country, Jordan, where much of the land is desert. A prerequisite to this video lesson is some background in biology.

Subject:
Botany
Genetics
Material Type:
Lecture
Provider:
M.I.T.
Provider Set:
M.I.T. Blossoms
Author:
Ziad W. Jaradat, PhD
Date created
26-ذو القعدة-1436
Bloodline: A Human Genetics Case
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In this "clicker" case, based on a TV drama about a family ...

In this "clicker" case, based on a TV drama about a family secret that only knowledge of genetics can solve, students apply what they have read and heard about genetic diseases to determine familial relationships and predict the chance that a family member has inherited a genetic condition. The case is designed for use in a one-semester introductory biology course taken primarily by freshmen and sophomores to fulfill a general education requirement, but it could be used in any introductory biology course to help students understand and practice applying concepts related to human genetics. In addition, the case could be expanded or modified for use in a genetics or anatomy and physiology class in which human genetics and pedigrees are taught. The case is presented in class using a PowerPoint presentation (~1MB) punctuated by questions that students respond using "clickers" before moving on to the next slide. It could be adapted for use without these technologies.

Subject:
Life Science
Genetics
Material Type:
Case Study
Provider:
National Center for Case Study Teaching in Science
Provider Set:
Case Study Collection
Author:
Peggy Brickman
Date created
7-محرم-1433
Bug Hunt
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“Bug Hunt” uses NetLogo software and simulates an insect population that is ...

“Bug Hunt” uses NetLogo software and simulates an insect population that is preyed on by birds. There are six speeds of bugs from slow to fast and the bird tries to catch as many insects as possible in a certain amount of time. Students are able to see the results graphed as the average insect speed over time, the current bug population and the number of insects caught. There are two variations to try for the predator, one where the predator pursues the prey and one where the predator stays still and captures insects that pass nearby. In the first case the “bird” catches the slow insects and the faster ones survive, reproduce and pass genes on. The average speed of bug should increase over time. In the second case the faster bugs come near to the bird more often than the slow ones. The slow ones survive more, reproduce and pass their genes on.

Subject:
Biology
Genetics
Material Type:
Simulation
Provider:
National Science Teachers Association (NSTA)
Northwestern University
Provider Set:
NGSS@NSTA
Author:
Wilensky, Uri
Date created
29-ذو الحجة-1436
Catch Up on Tomato Technology
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This lesson is a tool to demonstrate how various technological advances have ...

This lesson is a tool to demonstrate how various technological advances have changed the tomato and the tomato industry over the years. The technology includes both selective breeding and genetic engineering.

Subject:
Biology
Genetics
Material Type:
Lesson Plan
Provider:
National Park Service
National Science Teachers Association (NSTA)
Provider Set:
NGSS@NSTA
Date created
29-ذو الحجة-1436
Chemicals in the Environment: Toxicology and Public Health (BE.104J), Spring 2005
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This course addresses the challenges of defining a relationship between exposure to ...

This course addresses the challenges of defining a relationship between exposure to environmental chemicals and human disease. Course topics include epidemiological approaches to understanding disease causation; biostatistical methods; evaluation of human exposure to chemicals, and their internal distribution, metabolism, reactions with cellular components, and biological effects; and qualitative and quantitative health risk assessment methods used in the U.S. as bases for regulatory decision-making. Throughout the term, students consider case studies of local and national interest.

Subject:
Environmental Science
Genetics
Material Type:
Full Course
Textbook
Provider:
M.I.T.
Provider Set:
M.I.T. OpenCourseWare
Author:
Sherley, James
Date created
13-ربيع الأول-1432
Chromosome study in Schistocerca (Orthoptera-Acrididae- Cyrtacanthacridinae): Karyotypes and distribution patterns of constitutive heterochromatin and
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Chromosome analyses were performed in two grasshopper species of the genus Schistocerca| ...

Chromosome analyses were performed in two grasshopper species of the genus Schistocerca| S. pallens and S. flavofasciata. Both species shared the same diploid number (2n = 23| X in males; 2n = 24| XX in females);and a conserved karyotype composed exclusively of acrocentric chromosomes| but differed in their distribution patterns of constitutive heterochromatin and nucleolus organizer regions (NORs).

Subject:
Applied Science
Life Science
Anatomy/Physiology
Biology
Ecology
Genetics
Zoology
Material Type:
Primary Source
Provider:
University of Tabuk
Author:
Maria José de Souza1 and Natoniel Franklin de Melo2
University of Tabuk
Date created
3-جمادي الآخرة-1440
Classifying Animals by Appearance Versus DNA Sequence
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The topic of this video module is how to classify animals based ...

The topic of this video module is how to classify animals based on how closely related they are. The main learning objective is that students will learn how to make phylogenetic trees based on both physical characteristics and on DNA sequence. Students will also learn why the objective and quantitative nature of DNA sequencing is preferable when it come to classifying animals based on how closely related they are. Knowledge prerequisites to this lesson include that students have some understanding of what DNA is and that they have a familiarity with the base-pairing rules and with writing a DNA sequence.

Subject:
Biology
Genetics
Material Type:
Lecture
Provider:
M.I.T.
Provider Set:
M.I.T. Blossoms
Author:
Megan E. Rokop
Date created
21-رجب-1433
Clipbirds
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This variation on the classic bird beak activity demonstrates variation of beak ...

This variation on the classic bird beak activity demonstrates variation of beak size within a population and shows how the proportion of big-, medium-, and small-beaked birds changes in response to the available types of food. The “birds” with binder clip “beaks” live in Clipland where the large population becomes divided into two smaller populations by a mountain range. Popcorn, lima beans and marbles are the three types of food available in the two areas. Food is spread out for the birds to eat and then after 15 seconds it is counted to see whether birds have gathered enough food to survive. The big billed birds need to eat more than the medium and small billed birds to survive and each bird needs to eat more than the minimum amount of food for survival to be able to reproduce. Four years pass during the simulation and students are asked to describe what happened to the Clipbird populations and what they think caused the changes. A link to Rosemary and Peter Grant’s research on finch populations in the Galapagos is identified for those teachers who want to connect the simulation to a real life example.

Subject:
Biology
Genetics
Material Type:
Activity/Lab
Provider:
National Science Teachers Association (NSTA)
UC Museum of Paleontology
Provider Set:
NGSS@NSTA
Author:
Al Janulaw, Judy Scotchmoor
Date created
29-ذو الحجة-1436
Cognitive and Behavioral Genetics, Spring 2001
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How genetics can add to our understanding of cognition, language, emotion, personality, ...

How genetics can add to our understanding of cognition, language, emotion, personality, and behavior. Use of gene mapping to estimate risk factors for psychological disorders and variation in behavioral and personality traits. Mendelian genetics, genetic mapping techniques, and statistical analysis of large populations and their application to particular studies in behavioral genetics. Topics also include environmental influence on genetic programs, evolutionary genetics, and the larger scientific, social, ethical, and philosophical implications.

Subject:
Biology
Genetics
Psychology
Material Type:
Full Course
Textbook
Provider:
M.I.T.
Provider Set:
M.I.T. OpenCourseWare
Author:
Nedivi, Elly
Pinker, Steve
Date created
13-ربيع الأول-1432